The subtle ways in which chemicals are interfering with our bodies and health –

Trasande attributes a lot of those negative effects to four categories of hormone-disrupting chemicals: pesticides used in agriculture; phthalates, which are used in personal care products and food packaging; bisphenol A (BPA), which is used in aluminum can linings and some plastics; and brominated flame retardants, which are used in furniture, electronics and even mattresses.

“Hormones are molecules that our body uses to signal and communicate and hormone disrupters are chemicals that scramble those signals and attribute to disease. We know now of over 1,000 chemicals that are hormone disrupters,” Trasande told “CBS This Morning” on Thursday.

While diet and exercise, of course, also have a huge impact on the high rate of obesity in America, Trasande argues that reducing our exposure to hormone disrupters is a very simple step people can take to lower the risk of harm.”

They scramble hormone signals and shift our diet and how it’s transformed in our body into fat as opposed into muscle or other categories,” he said. “The reality here is that there are safe and simple steps we can take to limit those exposures, which may be easier to accomplish as opposed to changing diet and physical activity, which can be more fundamentally difficult.”

Source: “Sicker, Fatter, Poorer”: The cost of hormone-disrupting chemicals – CBS News